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Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences

Chair of Plant Ecology - Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins

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Publications

2021

Timo Conradi, Maria V. J. Henriksen, Jens-Christian Svenning: Global change, novel ecosystems and the ecological restoration of post-industrial areas : The case of a former brown coal mine in Søby, Denmark. In: Applied Vegetation Science, 24 (2021). - .
doi:10.1111/avsc.12605

Andreas Schweiger, Nicolai Nürk, Heath Beckett, Sigrid Liede-Schumann, Guy F. Midgley, Steven Higgins: The eco‐evolutionary significance of rainfall constancy for facultative CAM photosynthesis. In: New Phytologist, 230 (2021). - S. 1653-1664.
doi:10.1111/nph.17250

2020

Eun-Young Jung, Julian Gaviria, Shanwen Sun, Bettina M. J. Engelbrecht: Comparative drought resistance of temperate grassland species : testing performance trade-offs and the relation to distribution. In: Oecologia, 192 (2020). - S. 1023-1036.
doi:10.1007/s00442-020-04625-9

Steven I. Higgins, Matthew J. Larcombe, Nicholas J. Beeton, Timo Conradi, Henning Nottebrock: Predictive ability of a process-based versus a correlative species distribution model. In: Ecology and Evolution, 10 (2020). - S. 11043-11054.
doi:10.1002/ece3.6712

Timo Conradi, Jasper A. Slingsby, Guy F. Midgley, Henning Nottebrock, Andreas Schweiger, Steven I. Higgins: An operational definition of the biome for global change research. In: New Phytologist, 227 (2020). - S. 1294-1306.
doi:10.1111/nph.16580

Daniel Osieko Okach:Effects of livestock grazing and rainfall variability on the structure and function of the herbaceous layer community of a humid savanna ecosystem in Lambwe Valley - Kenya. - Bayreuth: 2020. - 188 S.
(Dissertation, 2020, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuther Graduiertenschule für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften - BayNAT)
doi:10.15495/EPub_UBT_00004844

Nicolai M. Nürk, H. Peter Linder, Renske E. Onstein, Matthew J. Larcombe, Colin E. Hughes, Laura Piñeiro Fernández, Philipp M. Schlüter, Luis Valente, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Vanessa Cutts, Michael J. Donoghue, Erika J. Edwards, Richard Field, Suzette G. A. Flantua, Steven I. Higgins, Anke Jentsch, Sigrid Liede-Schumann, Michael D. Pirie: Diversification in evolutionary arenas : Assessment and synthesis. In: Ecology and Evolution, 10 (2020). - S. 6163-6182.
doi:10.1002/ece3.6313

Timo Conradi, Koenraad Van Meerbeek, Alejandro Ordonez, Jens-Christian Svenning: Biogeographic historical legacies in the net primary productivity of Northern Hemisphere forests. In: Ecology Letters, 23 (2020). - S. 800-810.
doi:10.1111/ele.13481

Andreas Schweiger, Jens-Christian Svenning: Analogous losses of large animals and trees, socio-ecological consequences, and an integrative framework for rewilding-based megabiota restoration. In: People and Nature, 2 (2020). - S. 29-41.
doi:10.1002/pan3.10066

2019

Susanne Tautenhahn, Christina Grün-Wenzel, Martin Jung, Steven I. Higgins, Christine Römermann: On the relevance of intraspecific trait variability : A synthesis of 56 dry grassland sites across Europe. In: Flora : Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 254 (2019). - S. 161-172.
doi:10.1016/j.flora.2019.03.002

Mirjam Pfeiffer, Liam Langan, Anja Linstädter, Carola Martens, Camille Gaillard, Jan C. Ruppert, Steven I. Higgins, Edwin I. Mudongo, Simon Scheiter: Grazing and aridity reduce perennial grass abundance in semi-arid rangelands : Insights from a trait-based dynamic vegetation model. In: Ecological Modelling, 395 (2019). - S. 11-22.
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.12.013

Brian Beckage, Gabriela Bucini, Louis J. Gross, William J. Platt, Steven I. Higgins, Norma L. Fowler, Matthew G. Slocum, Caroline Farrior: Water Limitation, Fire, and Savanna Persistence. In: Peter Frank Scogings, Mahesh Sankaran (Hrsg.): Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores. - Hoboken, NJ, USA : Wiley, 2019. - S. 643-659.
doi:10.1002/9781119081111.ch19

2018

Laura Rose, Robert Buitenwerf, Michael Cramer, Edmund C. February, Steven I. Higgins: Effects of nutrient supply on carbon and water economies of C4 grasses. In: Functional Plant Biology, 45 (2018). - S. 935-944.
doi:10.1071/FP17359

Matthew J. Larcombe, Gregory J. Jordan, David Bryant, Steven I. Higgins: The dimensionality of niche space allows bounded and unbounded processes to jointly influence diversification. In: Nature Communications, 9 (2018). - .
doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06732-x

Roger Magarey, Leslie Newton, Seung Cheon Hong, Yu Takeuchi, David Christie, Catherine S. Jarnevich, Lisa Kohl, Martin Damus, Steven I. Higgins, Leah Millar, Karen Castro, Amanda West, John Hastings, Gericke Cook, John Kartesz, Anthony L. Koop: Comparison of four modeling tools for the prediction of potential distribution for non-indigenous weeds in the United States. In: Biological Invasions, 20 (2018). - S. 679-694.
doi:10.1007/s10530-017-1567-1

Sally Archibald, C. E. R. Lehmann, Claire M. Belcher, William J. Bond, Ross A. Bradstock, Anne-Laure Daniau, Kyle G. Dexter, Elisabeth J. Forrestel, Michelle Greve, T. He, Steven I. Higgins, William A. Hoffmann, Byron B. Lamont, Daniel J. McGlinn, Glenn R. Moncrieff, Colin P. Osborne, Juli G. Pausas, Owen F. Price, Brad S. Ripley, Brendan M. Rogers, Dylan W. Schwilk, Marcelo F. Simon, Merritt R. Turetsky, G. R. van der Werf, Amy E. Zanne: Biological and geophysical feedbacks with fire in the Earth system. In: Environmental Research Letters, 13 (2018). - S. No. 033003.
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa9ead

Camille Gaillard, Liam Langan, Mirjam Pfeiffer, Dushyant Kumar, Carola Martens, Steven I. Higgins, Simon Scheiter: African shrub distribution emerges via a trade-off between height and sapwood conductivity. In: Journal of Biogeography, 45 (2018). - S. 2815-2826.
doi:10.1111/jbi.13447

2017

Solveig Franziska Bucher, Karl Auerswald, Christina Grün-Wenzel, Steven I. Higgins, Javier Garcia Jorge, Christine Römermann: Stomatal traits relate to habitat preferences of herbaceous species in a temperate climate. In: Flora : Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 229 (2017). - S. 107-115.
doi:10.1016/j.flora.2017.02.011

Steven I. Higgins: Ecosystem Assembly : A Mission for Terrestrial Earth System Science. In: Ecosystems, 20 (2017). - S. 69-77.
doi:10.1007/s10021-016-0054-3

Liam Langan, Steven I. Higgins, Simon Scheiter: Climate-biomes, pedo-biomes or pyro-biomes : which world view explains the tropical forest-savanna boundary in South America?. In: Journal of Biogeography, 44 (2017). - S. 2319-2330.
doi:10.1111/jbi.13018

2016

Glenn R. Moncrieff, William J. Bond, Steven I. Higgins: Revising the biome concept for understanding and predicting global change impacts. In: Journal of Biogeography, 43 (2016). - S. 863-873.
doi:10.1111/jbi.12701

Edmund Carl February, Steven Higgins: Rapid Leaf Deployment Strategies in a Deciduous Savanna. In: PLoS One, 11 (2016). - .
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0157833

David M. J. S. Bowman, George L. W. Perry, Steve I. Higgins, Chris N. Johnson, Samuel D. Fuhlendorf, Brett P. Murphy: Pyrodiversity is the coupling of biodiversity and fire regimes in food webs. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371 (2016). - .
doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0169

Glenn R. Moncrieff, Simon Scheiter, Liam Langan, Antonio Trabucco, Steven I. Higgins: The future distribution of the savannah biome : model-based and biogeographic contingency. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371 (2016). - .
doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0311

Steven I. Higgins, Robert Buitenwerf, Glenn R. Moncrieff: Defining functional biomes and monitoring their change globally. In: Global Change Biology, 22 (2016). - S. 3583-3593.
doi:10.1111/gcb.13367

Robert Buitenwerf, Steven I. Higgins: Convergence among global biogeographical realms in the physiological niche of evergreen and deciduous vegetation. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25 (2016). - S. 704-715.
doi:10.1111/geb.12447

Tommaso Jucker, John Caspersen, Jérôme Chave, Cécile Antin, Nicolas Barbier, Frans Bongers, Michele Dalponte, Karin Y. van Ewijk, David I. Forrester, Matthias Haeni, Steven I. Higgins, Robert J. Holdaway, Yoshiko Iida, Craig Lorimer, Peter L. Marshall, Stéphane Momo, Glenn R. Moncrieff, Pierre Ploton, Lourens Poorter, Kassim Abd Rahman, Michael Schlund, Bonaventure Sonké, Frank J. Sterck, Anna T. Trugman, Vladimir A. Usoltsev, Mark C. Vanderwel, Peter Waldner, Beatrice M. M. Wedeux, Christian Wirth, Hannsjörg Wöll, Murray Woods, Wenhua Xiang, Niklaus E. Zimmermann, David A. Coomes: Allometric equations for integrating remote sensing imagery into forest monitoring programmes. In: Global Change Biology, 23 (2016). - S. 177-190.
doi:10.1111/gcb.13388

2015

Glenn R. Moncrieff, Simon Scheiter, Jasper A. Slingsby, Steven I. Higgins: Understanding global change impacts on South African biomes using Dynamic Vegetation Models. In: South African Journal of Botany, 101 (2015). - S. 16-23.
doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2015.02.004

Robert Buitenwerf, Laura Rose, Steven I. Higgins: Three decades of multi-dimensional change in global leaf phenology. In: Nature Climate Change, 5 (2015). - S. 364-368.
doi:10.1038/nclimate2533

Adrian Pachzelt, Matthew Forrest, Anja Rammig, Steven I. Higgins, Thomas Hickler: Potential impact of large ungulate grazers on African vegetation, carbon storage and fire regimes. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 24 (2015). - S. 991-1002.
doi:10.1111/geb.12313

Julia Zimmermann, Steven I. Higgins, Volker Grimm, John Hoffmann, Anja Linstädter: Local density effects on individual production are dynamic : insights from natural stands of a perennial savanna grass. In: Oecologia, 178 (2015). - S. 1125-1135.
doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3291-9

Glenn R. Moncrieff, Thomas Hickler, Steven I. Higgins: Intercontinental divergence in the climate envelope of major plant biomes. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 24 (2015). - S. 324-334.
doi:10.1111/geb.12257

Mara Baudena, Stefan C. Dekker, Peter M. van Bodegom, B. Cuesta, Steven I. Higgins, Veiko Lehsten, Christian H. Reick, Max Rietkerk, Simon Scheiter, Zun Yin, Miguel A. Zavala, Victor Brovkin: Forests, savannas, and grasslands : bridging the knowledge gap between ecology and Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. In: Biogeosciences, 12 (2015). - S. 1833-1848.
doi:10.5194/bg-12-1833-2015

Steven I. Higgins, Moagi Keretetse, Edmund C. February: Feedback of trees on nitrogen mineralization to restrict the advance of trees in C4 savannahs. In: Biology Letters, 11 (2015). - .
doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0572

2014

Rebecca S. Snell, Andreas Huth, J. E. M. S. Nabel, Greta Bocedi, Justin Travis, Dominique Gravel, Harald Bugmann, Alvaro G. Gutiérrez, Thomas Hickler, Steven I. Higgins, Björn Reineking, Marc Scherstjanoi, Natalie Zurbriggen, Heike Lischke: Using dynamic vegetation models to simulate plant range shifts. In: Ecography, 37 (2014). - S. 1184-1197.
doi:10.1111/ecog.00580

Robert Buitenwerf, Andrew Kulmatiski, Steven I. Higgins: Soil water retention curves for the major soil types of the Kruger National Park. In: Koedoe, 56 (2014). - .
doi:10.4102/koedoe.v56i1.1228

Caroline E. R. Lehmann, T. Michael Anderson, Mahesh Sankaran, Steven I. Higgins, Sally Archibald, William A. Hoffmann, Niall P. Hanan, Richard J. Williams, Roderick J. Fensham, Jeanine Felfili, Lindsay B. Hutley, Jayashree Ratnam, Jose San Jose, Ruben Montes, Don Franklin, Jeremy Russell-Smith, Casey M. Ryan, Giselda Durigan, Pierre Hiernaux, Ricardo Haidar, David M. J. S. Bowman, William J. Bond: Savanna Vegetation-Fire-Climate Relationships Differ Among Continents. In: Science, 343 (2014). - S. 548-552.
doi:10.1126/science.1247355

Steven I. Higgins, Liam Langan, Simon Scheiter: Progress in DGVMs : a comment on "Impacts of trait variation through observed trait–climate relationships on performance of an Earth system model ; a conceptual analysis" by Verheijen et al. (2013). In: Biogeosciences, 11 (2014). - S. 4357-4360.
doi:10.5194/bg-11-4357-2014

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson: Invasive plants have broader physiological niches. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111 (2014). - S. 10610-10614.
doi:10.1073/pnas.1406075111

Jens-Christian Svenning, Dominique Gravel, Robert D. Holt, Frank M. Schurr, Wilfried Thuiller, Tamara Münkemüller, Katja H. Schiffers, Stefan Dullinger, Thomas C. Edwards, Thomas Hickler, Steven I. Higgins, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Jörn Pagel, Signe Normand: The influence of interspecific interactions on species range expansion rates. In: Ecography, 37 (2014). - S. 1198-1209.
doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2013.00574.x

Glenn R. Moncrieff, Simon Scheiter, William J. Bond, Steven I. Higgins: Increasing atmospheric CO₂overrides the historical legacy of multiple stable biome states in Africa. In: New Phytologist, 201 (2014). - S. 908-915.
doi:10.1111/nph.12551

Alexander Zizka, Navashni Govender, Steven I. Higgins: How to tell a shrub from a tree : A life-history perspective from a South African savanna. In: Austral Ecology, 39 (2014). - S. 767-778.
doi:10.1111/aec.12142

Glenn R. Moncrieff, Caroline E. R. Lehmann, Jan Schnitzler, James Gambiza, Pierre Hiernaux, Casey M. Ryan, Charlie M. Shackleton, Richard J. Williams, Steven I. Higgins: Contrasting architecture of key African and Australian savanna tree taxa drives intercontinental structural divergence. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23 (2014). - S. 1235-1244.
doi:10.1111/geb.12205

Simon Scheiter, Steven I. Higgins, Jason Beringer, Lindsay B. Hutley: Climate change and long-term fire management impacts on Australian savannas. In: New Phytologist, 205 (2014). - S. 1211-1226.
doi:10.1111/nph.13130

2013

Adrian Pachzelt, Anja Rammig, Steven Higgins, Thomas Hickler: Coupling a physiological grazer population model with a generalized model for vegetation dynamics. In: Ecological Modelling, 263 (2013). - S. 92-102.
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.04.025

Simon Scheiter, Liam Langan, Steven I. Higgins: Next-generation dynamic global vegetation models : learning from community ecology. In: New Phytologist, 198 (2013). - S. 957-969.
doi:10.1111/nph.12210

Simon Scheiter, Steven I. Higgins: Intermediate Coupling between Aboveground and Belowground Biomass Maximises the Persistence of Grasslands. In: PLoS One, 8 (2013). - .
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061149

Edmund C. February, Steven I. Higgins, William J. Bond, Louise Swemmer: Influence of competition and rainfall manipulation on the growth responses of savanna trees and grasses. In: Ecology, 94 (2013). - S. 1155-1164.
doi:10.1890/12-0540.1

Juliano Sarmento Cabral, Florian Jeltsch, Wilfried Thuiller, Steven I. Higgins, Guy F. Midgley, Anthony G. Rebelo, Mathieu Rouget, Frank M. Schurr: Impacts of past habitat loss and future climate change on the range dynamics of South African Proteaceae. In: Diversity and Distributions, 19 (2013). - S. 363-376.
doi:10.1111/ddi.12011

Jan Börner, Steven I. Higgins, Simon Scheiter, Jochen Kantelhardt: Approximating Optimal Numerical Solutions to Bio-economic Systems : How Useful is Simulation-optimization?. In: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, 52 (2013). - S. 179-198.
doi:10.22004/ag.econ.173645

2012

Steven I. Higgins, William J. Bond, Hendrik J. Combrink, Joseph M. Craine, Edmund C. February, Navashni Govender, Kathryn Lannas, Glenn R. Moncreiff, Winston S. W. Trollope: Which traits determine shifts in the abundance of tree species in a fire-prone savanna?. In: Journal of Ecology, 100 (2012). - S. 1400-1410.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2012.02026.x

Olga Bykova, Isabelle Chuine, Xavier Morin, Steven I. Higgins, Peter Linder: Temperature dependence of the reproduction niche and its relevance for plant species distributions. In: Journal of Biogeography, 39 (2012). - S. 2191-2200.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02764.x

Steven I. Higgins, Robert B. O'Hara, Olga Bykova, Michael Cramer, Isabelle Chuine, Eva-Maria Gerstner, Thomas Hickler, Xavier Morin, Michael R. Kearney, Guy F. Midgley, Simon Scheiter: A physiological analogy of the niche for projecting the potential distribution of plants. In: Journal of Biogeography, 39 (2012). - S. 2132-2145.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02752.x

Steven I. Higgins, Robert B. O'Hara, Christine Römermann: A niche for biology in species distribution models. In: Journal of Biogeography, 39 (2012). - S. 2091-2095.
doi:10.1111/jbi.12029

Simon Scheiter, Steven I. Higgins: How many elephants can you fit into a conservation area. In: Conservation Letters, 5 (2012). - S. 176-185.
doi:10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00225.x

Simon Scheiter, Steven I. Higgins, Colin P. Osborne, Catherine Bradshaw, Dan Lunt, Brad S. Ripley, Lyla L. Taylor, David J. Beerling: Fire and fire-adapted vegetation promoted C₄ expansion in the late Miocene. In: New Phytologist, 195 (2012). - S. 653-666.
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04202.x

The ecological niche as a window to biodiversity. - Steven I. Higgins, Christine Römermann, Robert B. O'Hara (Hrsg.). - Journal of Biogeography, 39 (2012), 12
doi:10.1111/jbi.12039

Florian Hartig, James Dyke, Thomas Hickler, Steven I. Higgins, Robert B. O'Hara, Simon Scheiter, Andreas Huth: Connecting dynamic vegetation models to data : an inverse perspective. In: Journal of Biogeography, 39 (2012). - S. 2240-2252.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02745.x

Steven I. Higgins, Simon Scheiter: Atmospheric CO₂ forces abrupt vegetation shifts locally, but not globally. In: Nature, 488 (2012). - S. 209-212.
doi:10.1038/nature11238

2011

Richard J.T. Verweij, Steven I. Higgins, William J. Bond, Edmund C. February: Water sourcing by trees in a mesic savanna : Responses to severing deep and shallow roots. In: Environmental and Experimental Botany, 74 (2011). - S. 229-236.
doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.06.004

Jayashree Ratnam, William J. Bond, Rod J. Fensham, William A. Hoffmann, Sally Archibald, Caroline E. R. Lehmann, Michael T. Anderson, Steven I. Higgins, Mahesh Sankaran: When is a ‘forest’ a savanna, and why does it matter?. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20 (2011). - S. 653-660.
doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00634.x

Frank van Langevelde, Kyle Tomlinson, Eduardo R. M. Barbosa, Steven de Bie, Herbert H. T. Prins, Steven I. Higgins: Understanding Tree-Grass Coexistence and Impacts of Disturbance and Resource Variability in Savannas. In: Michael J. Hill, Niall P. Hanan (Hrsg.): Ecosystem Function in Savannas : Measurement and Modeling at Landscape to Global Scales. - Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2011. - S. 257-268.

J. Kattge, S. Diaz, S. Lavorel, I. C. Prentice, P. Leadly, G. Bönisch, E. Garnier, Mark Westoby, P. B. Reich, Ian J. Wright, J. Hans C. Cornelissen, C. Violle, S. P. Harrison, P. M. van Bodegom, M. Reichstein, B. J. Enquist, Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia, D. D. Ackerly, M. Anand, O. Atkin, Michael Bahn, T. R. Baker, D. Baldocchi, R. Bekker, C. C. Blanco, B. Blonder, W. J. Bond, R. Bradstock, D. E. Bunker, F. Casanoves, J. Cavender-Bares, J. Q. Chambers, F. S. Chapin III, Jérôme Chave, David Coomes, W. K. Cornwell, Joseph M. Craine, B. H. Dobrin, L. Duarte, W. Durka, J. Elser, G. Esser, M. Estiarte, W. F. Fagan, J. Fang, F. Fernández-Méndez, A. Fidelis, B. Finegan, O. Flores, H. Ford, D. Frank, G. T. Freschet, N. M. Fyllas, R. V. Gallagher, W. A. Green, Alvaro G. Gutiérrez, T. Hickler, Steven I. Higgins, J. G. Hodgson, A. Jalili, Steven Jansen, C. A. Joly, A. J. Kerkhoff, D. Kirkup, K. Kitajima, M. Kleyer, S. Klotz, J. M. H. Knops, K. Kramer, I. Kühn, H. Kurokawa, D. Laughlin, T. D. Lee, M. Leishman, F. Lens, T. Lenz, S. L. Lewis, J. Lloyd, J. Llusià, F. Louault, S. Ma, M. D. Mahecha, P. Manning, T. Massad, B. E. Medlyn, J. Messier, A. T. Moles, S. C. Müller, K. Nadrowski, S. Naeem, Ü. Niinemets, S. Nöllert, A. Nüske, R. Ogaya, J. Olegsyn, Vladimir Onipchenko, Y. Onoda, J. Ordonez, G. Overbeck, Wim A. Ozinga, S. Patino, S. Paula, J. G. Pausas, J. Penuelas, O. L. Phillips, V. Pillar, H. Poorter, L. Poorter, P. Poschlod, A. Prinzing, R. Proulx, A. Rammig, S. Reinsch, B. Reu, L. Sack, B. Salgado-Negret, Jordi Sardans, S. Shiodera, B. Shiphley, A. Siefert, E. Sosinski, J. F. Soussana, E. Swaine, N. Swenson, K. Thompson, P. Thornton, M. Waldram, Evan Weiher, M. White, S. White, S. J. Wright, B. Yguel, Sönke Zaehle, Amy E. Zanne, C. Wirth: TRY : a global database of plant traits. In: Global Change Biology, 17 (2011). - S. 2905-2935.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02451.x

Glenn R. Moncrieff, Simon Chamaillé-Jammes, Steven I. Higgins, Robert B. O'Hara, William J. Bond: Tree allometries reflect a lifetime of herbivory in an African savanna. In: Ecology, 92 (2011). - S. 2310-2315.
doi:10.1890/11-0230.1

Michael J. Hill, Niall P. Hanan, William Hoffmann, Robert J. Scholes, Sam Prince, J. Ferwerda, Robyn M. Lucas, I. Baker, Almut Arneth, Steven I. Higgins, D. J. Barrett, M. Disney, L. Hutley: Remote sensing and modeling of savannas : The state of the dis-union. In: 34th International Symposium for Remote Sensing of the Environment. - Sydney : 2011.

Steven I. Higgins, Maria D. Delgado-Cartay, Edmund C. February, Hendrik J. Combrink: Is there a temporal niche separation in the leaf phenology of savanna trees and grasses?. In: Journal of Biogeography, 38 (2011). - S. 2165-2175.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02549.x

2010

Steven I. Higgins, Simon Scheiter, Mahesh Sankaran: The stability of African savannas : insights from the indirect estimation of the parameters of a dynamic model. In: Ecology, 91 (2010). - S. 1682-1692.
doi:10.1890/08-1368.1

Julia Zimmermann, Steven I. Higgins, Volker Grimm, John Hoffmann, Anja Linstädter: Grass mortality in semi-arid savanna : The role of fire, competition and self-shading. In: Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 12 (2010). - S. 1-8.
doi:10.1016/j.ppees.2009.09.003

Edmund C. February, Steven I. Higgins: The distribution of tree and grass roots in savannas in relation to soil nitrogen and water. In: South African Journal of Botany, 76 (2010). - S. 517-523.
doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2010.04.001

2009

Simon Scheiter, Steven I. Higgins: Impacts of climate change on the vegetation of Africa : an adaptive dynamic vegetation modelling approach. In: Global Change Biology, 15 (2009). - S. 2224-2246.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01838.x

2008

Julia Zimmermann, Steven I. Higgins, Volker Grimm, John Hoffmann, Tamara Münkemüller, Anja Linstädter: Recruitment filters in a perennial grassland : the interactive roles of fire, competitors, moisture and seed availability. In: Journal of Ecology, 96 (2008). - S. 1033-1044.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01409.x

Steven Higgins, William J. Bond, Winston S. W. Trollope, Richard J. Williams: Physically motivated empirical models for the spread and intensity of grass fires. In: International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17 (2008). - S. 595-601.
doi:10.1071/WF06037

Steven I. Higgins, Olivier Flores, Frank M. Schurr: Costs of persistence and the spread of competing seeders and sprouters. In: Journal of Ecology, 96 (2008). - S. 679-686.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01391.x

2007

Edmund C. February, Steven I. Higgins, Rosemary Newton, Adam G. West: Tree distribution on a steep environmental gradient in an arid savanna. In: Journal of Biogeography, 34 (2007). - S. 270-278.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01583.x

Steven I. Higgins, Jochen Kantelhardt, Simon Scheiter, Jan Boerner: Sustainable management of extensively managed savanna rangelands. In: Ecological Economics, 62 (2007). - S. 102-114.
doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.05.019

Jan Börner, Steven I. Higgins, Jochen Kantelhardt, Simon Scheiter: Rainfall or price variability : what determines rangeland management decisions? ; A simulation-optimization approach to South African savannas. In: Agricultural Economics, 37 (2007). - S. 189-200.
doi:10.1111/j.1574-0862.2007.00265.x

Guy F. Midgley, Wilfried Thuiller, Steven I. Higgins: Plant Species Migration as a Key Uncertainty in Predicting Future Impacts of Climate Change on Ecosystems : Progress and Challenges. In: Josep G. Canadell, Diane E. Pataki, Louis F. Pitelka (Hrsg.): Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. - Berlin ; Heidelberg ; New York : Springer, 2007. - S. 129-137.
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-32730-1_11

Simon Scheiter, Steven I. Higgins: Partitioning of Root and Shoot Competition and the Stability of Savannas. In: The American Naturalist, 170 (2007). - S. 587-601.
doi:10.1086/521317

Steven I. Higgins, William J. Bond, Edmund C. February, Andries Bronn, Douglas I. W. Euston-Brown, Beukes Enslin, Navashni Govender, Louise Rademan, Sean O'Regan, Andre L. F. Potgieter, Simon Scheiter, Richard Sowry, Lynn Trollope, Winston S. W. Trollope: Effects of four decades of fire Manipulation on woody vegetation structure in savanna. In: Ecology, 88 (2007). - S. 1119-1125.
doi:10.1890/06-1664

Frank M. Schurr, Guy F. Midgley, Anthony G. Rebelo, Gail Reeves, Peter Poschlod, Steven I. Higgins: Colonization and persistence ability explain the extent to which plant species fill their potential range. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16 (2007). - S. 449-459.
doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00293.x

2005

Frank M. Schurr, William J. Bond, Guy F. Midgley, Steven Higgins: A mechanistic model for secondary seed dispersal by wind and its experimental validation. In: Journal of Ecology, 93 (2005). - S. 1017-1028.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01018.x

Marcel Rejmánek, David M. Richardson, Steven I. Higgins, Michael J. Pitcairn, Eva Grotkopp: Ecology of invasive plants : state of the art. In: Harold A. Mooney, Richard Mack, Jeffrey A. McNeely, Laurie E. Neville, Peter Johan Schei, Jeffrey K. Waage (Hrsg.): Invasive alien species : a new synthesis. - Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 2005. - S. 104-161.

Mahesh Sankaran, Niall P. Hanan, Robert J. Scholes, Jayashree Ratnam, David J. Augustine, Brian S. Cade, Jacques Gignoux, Steven I. Higgins, Xavier Le Roux, Fulco Ludwig, Jonas Ardo, Feetham Banyikwa, Andries Bronn, Gabriela Bucini, Kelly K. Caylor, Michael B. Coughenour, Alioune Diouf, Wellington Ekaya, Christie J. Feral, Edmund C. February, Peter G. H. Frost, Pierre Hiernaux, Halszka Hrabar, Kristine L. Metzger, Herbert H. T. Prins, Susan Ringrose, William Sea, Jörg Tews, Jeff Worden, Nick Zambatis: Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. In: Nature, 438 (2005). - S. 846-849.
doi:10.1038/nature04070

2003

M. P. Robertson, Lesley Henderson, Steven I. Higgins, Dean H. K. Fairbanks, H. G. Zimmermann, David C. le Maitre, Charlie M. Shackleton, Martin H. Villet, John H. Hoffmann, Anthony R. Palmer, Ivan Riggs: A proposed prioritization system for the management of invasive alien plants in South Africa : research in action. In: South African Journal of Science, 99 (2003). - S. 37-43.

Steven I. Higgins, Sandra Lavorel, Oliver Tackenberg: Plant dispersal and habitat loss synergies. In: Lee Jay Hannah, Thomas E. Lovejoy (Hrsg.): Climate change and biodiversity : synergistic impacts. - Washington, DC : Conservation International, 2003. - S. 71-76.

Steven I. Higgins, James S. Clark, Ran Nathan, Thomas Hovestadt, Frank M. Schurr, José M. V. Fragoso, Martin R. Aguiar, Eric Ribbens, Sandra Lavorel: Forecasting plant migration rates : managing uncertainty for risk assessment. In: Journal of Ecology, 91 (2003). - S. 341-347.
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2003.00781.x

Steven I. Higgins, Sandra Lavorel, Eloy Revilla: Estimating plant migration rates under habitat loss and fragmentation. In: Oikos, 101 (2003). - S. 354-366.
doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12141.x

Steven I. Higgins, R. Nathan, Michael L. Cain: Are long-distance Dispersal Events in Plants ususally caused by Nonstandard Means of Dispersal?. In: Ecology, 84 (2003). - S. 1945-1956.
doi:10.1890/01-0616

2002

Steven I. Higgins, Michael L. Cain: Spatially realistic plant metapopulation models and the colonization-competition trade-off. In: Journal of Ecology, 90 (2002). - S. 616-626.
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2002.00694.x

Pierre C. Beukes, Richard M. Cowling, Steven Higgins: An ecological economic simulation model of a non-selective grazing system in the Nama Karoo, South Africa. In: Ecological Economics, 42 (2002). - S. 221-242.
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00055-1

2001

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson, Richard M. Cowling: Validation of a spatial simulation model of a spreading alien plant population. In: Journal of Applied Ecology, 38 (2001). - S. 571-584.
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2001.00616.x

Steven I. Higgins, William J. Bond, Steward T.A. Pickett: Environmental stochasticity cannot save declining populations. In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16 (2001). - S. 177.
doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(01)02112-7

2000

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson, Richard M. Cowling: Using a Dynamic Landscape Model for Planning the Management of Alien Plant Invasions. In: Ecological Applications, 10 (2000). - S. 1833-1848.
doi:10.2307/2641242

James Gambiza, William J. Bond, Peter G. H. Frost, Steven Higgins: Special Selection: Land use options in dry tropical woodland ecosystems in Zimbabwe : A simulation model of miombo woodland dynamics under different management regimes. In: Ecological Economics, 33 (2000). - S. 353-368.
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00145-2

James Gambiza, William J. Bond, Peter G. H. Frost, Steven I. Higgins: Special Section: Land use options in dry tropical woodland ecosystems in Zimbabwe : A simulation model of miombo woodland dynamics under different management regimes. In: Ecological Economics, 33 (2000). - S. 353-368.
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00145-2

Steven I. Higgins, Steward T .A. Pickett, William J. Bond: Predicting extinction risks for plants : environmental stochasticity can save declining populations. In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 15 (2000). - S. 516-520.
doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01993-5

David M. Richardson, Steven I. Higgins: Pines as invaders in the southern hemisphere. In: David M. Richardson (Hrsg.): Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus. - Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000. - S. 450-473.

David M. Richardson, William J. Bond, W. Richard J. Dean, Steven I. Higgins, Guy E. Midgley, Suzanne J. Milton, Leslie W. Powrie, Michael C. Rutherford, Michael J. Samways, Roland E. Schulze: Invasive Alien Species and Global Change : A South African Perspective. In: Harold A. Mooney, Richard J. Hobbs (Hrsg.): Invasive Species in a Changing World. - Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 2000. - S. 303-350.

Steven I. Higgins, William J. Bond, Winston S. W. Trollope: Fire, resprouting and variability : a recipe for grass-tree coexistence in savanna. In: Journal of Ecology, 88 (2000). - S. 213-229.
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2000.00435.x

1999

Steven I. Higgins, Charlie M. Shackleton, E. Robbie Robinson: Changes in woody community structure and composition under constrasting landuse systems in a semi-arid savanna, South Africa. In: Journal of Biogeography, 26 (1999). - S. 619-627.
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.1999.t01-1-00317.x

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson, Richard M. Cowling, Terry H. Trinder-Smith: Predicting the Landscape-Scale Distribution of Alien Plants and Their Threat to Plant Diversity. In: Conservation Biology, 13 (1999). - S. 303-313.
doi:10.1046/j.1523-1739.1999.013002303.x

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson: Predicting Plant Migration Rates in a Changing World : The Role of Long‐Distance Dispersal. In: The American Naturalist, 153 (1999). - S. 464-475.
doi:10.1086/303193

1998

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson: Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere : modelling interactions between organism, environment and disturbance. In: Plant Ecology, 135 (1998). - S. 79-93.
doi:10.1023/A:1009760512895

1997

Richard M. Cowling, Robert Constanza, Steven I. Higgins: Services supplied by South African fynbos ecosystems. In: Gretchen C. Daily (Hrsg.): Nature's Services : Societal Dependence On Natural Ecosystems. - Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 1997. - S. 345-362.

Steven I. Higgins, Jane K. Turpie, Robert Costanza, Richard M. Cowling, Dave C. le Maitre, Christo Marais, Guy F. Midgley: An ecological economic simulation model of mountain fynbos ecosystems : Dynamics, valuation and management. In: Ecological Economics, 22 (1997). - S. 155-169.
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00575-2

Steven I. Higgins, Esteban J. Azorin, Richard M. Cowling, Mike J. Morris: A dynamic ecological-economic model as a tool for conflict resolution in an invasive-alien-plant, biological control and native-plant scenario. In: Ecological Economics, 22 (1997). - S. 141-154.
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00574-0

Steven I. Higgins, Kevin H. Rogers, Jessica Kemper: A description of the functional vegetation pattern of a semi-arid floodplain, South Africa. In: Plant Ecology, 129 (1997). - S. 95-101.
doi:10.1023/A:1009763931832

1996

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson: A review of models of alien plant spread. In: Ecological Modelling, 87 (1996). - S. 249-265.
doi:10.1016/0304-3800(95)00022-4

Steven I. Higgins, M. A. S. Coetzee, G. C. Marneweck, K. H. Rogers: The Nyl River floodplain, South Africa, as a functional unit of the landscape : A review of current information. In: African Journal of Ecology, 34 (1996). - S. 131-145.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.1996.019-89019.x

Steven I. Higgins, David M. Richardson, Richard M. Cowling: Modeling Invasive Plant Spread : The Role of Plant-Environment Interactions and Model Structure. In: Ecology, 77 (1996). - S. 2043-2054.
doi:10.2307/2265699

David M. Richardson, Brian W. van Wilgen, Steven I. Higgins, Terry H. Trinder-Smith, Richard M. Cowling, D. H. McKell: Current and future threats to plant biodiversity on the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. In: Biodiversity and Conservation, 5 (1996). - S. 607-647.
doi:10.1007/BF00137612

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