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Chair of Plant Ecology - Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins

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Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins
Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins

Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Chair of Plant Ecology


Steven Higgins started as Chair of Plant Ecology at the University of Bayreuth in 2017. Before that he was Professor of Botany at the University of Otago (2013-2017) and Professor in Physical Geography at the Johann-Wolfgang Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main (2007 to 2013). Higgins completed a BSc in Botany and Zoology (1991) and a BSc Honours in Botany (1992) at the University of the Witwatersrand and obtained a PhD in Botany (1998) from the University of Cape Town.

Steven Higgins researches the processes that influence the distribution and dynamics of plants and the role that plants play in the Earth system. His research aims to develop capacities to predict future states of the terrestrial land-surface. Themes include: process based species distribution modelling, dynamic vegetation modelling, "detection and attribution" of ecological change, biome shifts, ecophysiology of drought stress, savanna ecosystems.

Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins

Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Chair of Plant Ecology


Publications

2023

Higgins, Steven; Conradi, Timo; Ongole, Shasank; Turpie, Jane; Weiss, Joshua; Eggli, Urs; Slingsby, Jasper A.
Changes in How Climate Forces the Vegetation of Southern Africa
in Ecosystems volume 26 (2023) issue 8. - page 1716-1733
doi:10.15495/EPub_UBT_00007381 ...

Higgins, Steven; Conradi, Timo; Kruger, Laurence M.; O'Hara, Robert B.; Slingsby, Jasper A.
Limited climatic space for alternative ecosystem states in Africa
in Science volume 380 (2023) issue 6649. - page 1038-1042
doi:10.1126/science.add5190 ...

Higgins, Steven; Conradi, Timo; Muhoko, Edward
Shifts in vegetation activity of terrestrial ecosystems attributable to climate trends
in Nature Geoscience volume 16 (2023) . - page 147-153
doi:10.1038/s41561-022-01114-x ...

2021

Schweiger, Andreas; Nürk, Nicolai; Beckett, Heath; Liede-Schumann, Sigrid; Midgley, Guy F.; Higgins, Steven
The eco‐evolutionary significance of rainfall constancy for facultative CAM photosynthesis
in New Phytologist volume 230 (2021) issue 4. - page 1653-1664
doi:10.1111/nph.17250 ...

Higgins, Steven; Larcombe, Matthew J.; Beeton, Nicholas J.; Conradi, Timo
Transferability of correlative and process‐based species distribution models revisited : A resp ...
in Ecology and Evolution volume 11 (2021) issue 19. - page 13613-13617
doi:10.1002/ece3.8081 ...

2020

Nürk, Nicolai M.; Linder, H. Peter; Onstein, Renske E.; Larcombe, Matthew J.; Hughes, Colin E.; Piñeiro Fernández, Laura; Schlüter, Philipp M.; Valente, Luis; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Cutts, Vanessa; Donoghue, Michael J.; Edwards, Erika J.; Field, Richard; Flantua, Suzette G. A.; Higgins, Steven; Jentsch, Anke; Liede-Schumann, Sigrid; Pirie, Michael D.
Diversification in evolutionary arenas : Assessment and synthesis
in Ecology and Evolution volume 10 (2020) issue 12. - page 6163-6182
doi:10.1002/ece3.6313 ...

Conradi, Timo; Slingsby, Jasper A.; Midgley, Guy F.; Nottebrock, Henning; Schweiger, Andreas; Higgins, Steven I.
An operational definition of the biome for global change research
in New Phytologist volume 227 (2020) issue 5. - page 1294-1306
doi:10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005034 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Larcombe, Matthew J.; Beeton, Nicholas J.; Conradi, Timo; Nottebrock, Henning
Predictive ability of a process-based versus a correlative species distribution model
in Ecology and Evolution volume 10 (2020) issue 20. - page 11043-11054
doi:10.1002/ece3.6712 ...

February, Edmund; Pausch, Johanna; Higgins, Steven
Major contribution of grass roots to soil carbon pools and CO₂ fluxes in a mesic savanna
in Plant and Soil volume 454 (2020) . - page 207-215
doi:10.1007/s11104-020-04649-3 ...

2019

Pfeiffer, Mirjam; Langan, Liam; Linstädter, Anja; Martens, Carola; Gaillard, Camille; Ruppert, Jan C.; Higgins, Steven; Mudongo, Edwin I.; Scheiter, Simon
Grazing and aridity reduce perennial grass abundance in semi-arid rangelands : Insights from a ...
in Ecological Modelling volume 395 (2019) . - page 11-22
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.12.013 ...

Tautenhahn, Susanne; Grün-Wenzel, Christina; Jung, Martin; Higgins, Steven I.; Römermann, Christine
On the relevance of intraspecific trait variability : A synthesis of 56 dry grassland sites ac ...
in Flora : Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants volume 254 (2019) . - page 161-172
doi:10.1016/j.flora.2019.03.002 ...

Beckage, Brian; Bucini, Gabriela; Gross, Louis J.; Platt, William J.; Higgins, Steven; Fowler, Norma L.; Slocum, Matthew G.; Farrior, Caroline
Water Limitation, Fire, and Savanna Persistence
Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores
Hoboken, NJ : Wiley, 2019. - page 643-659
doi:10.1002/9781119081111.ch19 ...

2018

Gaillard, Camille; Langan, Liam; Pfeiffer, Mirjam; Kumar, Dushyant; Martens, Carola; Higgins, Steven I.; Scheiter, Simon
African shrub distribution emerges via a trade-off between height and sapwood conductivity
in Journal of Biogeography volume 45 (2018) issue 12. - page 2815-2826
doi:10.1111/jbi.13447 ...

Archibald, Sally; Lehmann, C. E. R.; Belcher, Claire M.; Bond, William J.; Bradstock, Ross A.; Daniau, Anne-Laure; Dexter, Kyle G.; Forrestel, Elisabeth J.; Greve, Michelle; He, T.; Higgins, Steven I.; Hoffmann, William A.; Lamont, Byron B.; McGlinn, Daniel J.; Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Osborne, Colin P.; Pausas, Juli G.; Price, Owen F.; Ripley, Brad S.; Rogers, Brendan M.; Schwilk, Dylan W.; Simon, Marcelo F.; Turetsky, Merritt R.; van der Werf, G. R.; Zanne, Amy E.
Biological and geophysical feedbacks with fire in the Earth system
in Environmental Research Letters volume 13 (2018) issue 3. - page No. 033003
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa9ead ...

Magarey, Roger; Newton, Leslie; Hong, Seung Cheon; Takeuchi, Yu; Christie, David; Jarnevich, Catherine S.; Kohl, Lisa; Damus, Martin; Higgins, Steven I.; Millar, Leah; Castro, Karen; West, Amanda; Hastings, John; Cook, Gericke; Kartesz, John; Koop, Anthony L.
Comparison of four modeling tools for the prediction of potential distribution for non-indigeno ...
in Biological Invasions volume 20 (2018) issue 3. - page 679-694
doi:10.1007/s10530-017-1567-1 ...

Larcombe, Matthew J.; Jordan, Gregory J.; Bryant, David; Higgins, Steven I.
The dimensionality of niche space allows bounded and unbounded processes to jointly influence d ...
in Nature Communications volume 9 (2018) issue 1
doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06732-x ...

Rose, Laura; Buitenwerf, Robert; Cramer, Michael; February, Edmund C.; Higgins, Steven I.
Effects of nutrient supply on carbon and water economies of C4 grasses
in Functional Plant Biology volume 45 (2018) issue 9. - page 935-944
doi:10.1071/FP17359 ...

2017

Jucker, Tommaso; Caspersen, John; Chave, Jérôme; Antin, Cécile; Barbier, Nicolas; Bongers, Frans; Dalponte, Michele; van Ewijk, Karin Y.; Forrester, David I.; Haeni, Matthias; Higgins, Steven I.; Holdaway, Robert J.; Iida, Yoshiko; Lorimer, Craig; Marshall, Peter L.; Momo, Stéphane; Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Ploton, Pierre; Poorter, Lourens; Rahman, Kassim Abd; Schlund, Michael; Sonké, Bonaventure; Sterck, Frank J.; Trugman, Anna T.; Usoltsev, Vladimir A.; Vanderwel, Mark C.; Waldner, Peter; Wedeux, Beatrice M. M.; Wirth, Christian; Wöll, Hannsjörg; Woods, Murray; Xiang, Wenhua; Zimmermann, Niklaus E.; Coomes, David A.
Allometric equations for integrating remote sensing imagery into forest monitoring programmes
in Global Change Biology volume 23 (2017) issue 1. - page 177-190
doi:10.1111/gcb.13388 ...

Langan, Liam; Higgins, Steven I.; Scheiter, Simon
Climate-biomes, pedo-biomes or pyro-biomes : which world view explains the tropical forest-sava ...
in Journal of Biogeography volume 44 (2017) issue 10. - page 2319-2330
doi:10.1111/jbi.13018 ...

Higgins, Steven I.
Ecosystem Assembly : A Mission for Terrestrial Earth System Science
in Ecosystems volume 20 (2017) issue 1. - page 69-77
doi:10.1007/s10021-016-0054-3 ...

Bucher, Solveig Franziska; Auerswald, Karl; Grün-Wenzel, Christina; Higgins, Steven; Garcia Jorge, Javier; Römermann, Christine
Stomatal traits relate to habitat preferences of herbaceous species in a temperate climate
in Flora : Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants volume 229 (2017) . - page 107-115
doi:10.1016/j.flora.2017.02.011 ...

2016

Buitenwerf, Robert; Higgins, Steven I.
Convergence among global biogeographical realms in the physiological niche of evergreen and dec ...
in Global Ecology and Biogeography volume 25 (2016) issue 6. - page 704-715
doi:10.1111/geb.12447 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Buitenwerf, Robert; Moncrieff, Glenn R.
Defining functional biomes and monitoring their change globally
in Global Change Biology volume 22 (2016) issue 11. - page 3583-3593
doi:10.1111/gcb.13367 ...

Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Scheiter, Simon; Langan, Liam; Trabucco, Antonio; Higgins, Steven I.
The future distribution of the savannah biome : model-based and biogeographic contingency
in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences volume 371 (2016) issue 1703
doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0311 ...

Bowman, David M. J. S.; Perry, George L. W.; Higgins, Steven; Johnson, Chris N.; Fuhlendorf, Samuel D.; Murphy, Brett P.
Pyrodiversity is the coupling of biodiversity and fire regimes in food webs
in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences volume 371 (2016) issue 1696
doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0169 ...

February, Edmund Carl; Higgins, Steven
Rapid Leaf Deployment Strategies in a Deciduous Savanna
in PLoS One volume 11 (2016) issue 6
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0157833 ...

Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Bond, William J.; Higgins, Steven I.
Revising the biome concept for understanding and predicting global change impacts
in Journal of Biogeography volume 43 (2016) issue 5. - page 863-873
doi:10.1111/jbi.12701 ...

2015

Higgins, Steven I.; Keretetse, Moagi; February, Edmund C.
Feedback of trees on nitrogen mineralization to restrict the advance of trees in C4 savannahs
in Biology Letters volume 11 (2015) issue 8
doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0572 ...

Baudena, Mara; Dekker, Stefan C.; van Bodegom, Peter M.; Cuesta, B.; Higgins, Steven I.; Lehsten, Veiko; Reick, Christian H.; Rietkerk, Max; Scheiter, Simon; Yin, Zun; Zavala, Miguel A.; Brovkin, Victor
Forests, savannas, and grasslands : bridging the knowledge gap between ecology and Dynamic Glob ...
in Biogeosciences volume 12 (2015) issue 6. - page 1833-1848
doi:10.5194/bg-12-1833-2015 ...

Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Hickler, Thomas; Higgins, Steven I.
Intercontinental divergence in the climate envelope of major plant biomes
in Global Ecology and Biogeography volume 24 (2015) issue 3. - page 324-334
doi:10.1111/geb.12257 ...

Zimmermann, Julia; Higgins, Steven I.; Grimm, Volker; Hoffmann, John; Linstädter, Anja
Local density effects on individual production are dynamic : insights from natural stands of a ...
in Oecologia volume 178 (2015) issue 4. - page 1125-1135
doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3291-9 ...

Pachzelt, Adrian; Forrest, Matthew; Rammig, Anja; Higgins, Steven I.; Hickler, Thomas
Potential impact of large ungulate grazers on African vegetation, carbon storage and fire regim ...
in Global Ecology and Biogeography volume 24 (2015) issue 9. - page 991-1002
doi:10.1111/geb.12313 ...

Buitenwerf, Robert; Rose, Laura; Higgins, Steven I.
Three decades of multi-dimensional change in global leaf phenology
in Nature Climate Change volume 5 (2015) issue 4. - page 364-368
doi:10.1038/nclimate2533 ...

Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Scheiter, Simon; Slingsby, Jasper A.; Higgins, Steven
Understanding global change impacts on South African biomes using Dynamic Vegetation Models
in South African Journal of Botany volume 101 (2015) . - page 16-23
doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2015.02.004 ...

2014

Scheiter, Simon; Higgins, Steven I.; Beringer, Jason; Hutley, Lindsay B.
Climate change and long-term fire management impacts on Australian savannas
in New Phytologist volume 205 (2014) issue 3. - page 1211-1226
doi:10.1111/nph.13130 ...

Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Lehmann, Caroline E. R.; Schnitzler, Jan; Gambiza, James; Hiernaux, Pierre; Ryan, Casey M.; Shackleton, Charlie M.; Williams, Richard J.; Higgins, Steven I.
Contrasting architecture of key African and Australian savanna tree taxa drives intercontinenta ...
in Global Ecology and Biogeography volume 23 (2014) issue 11. - page 1235-1244
doi:10.1111/geb.12205 ...

Zizka, Alexander; Govender, Navashni; Higgins, Steven I.
How to tell a shrub from a tree : A life-history perspective from a South African savanna
in Austral Ecology volume 39 (2014) issue 7. - page 767-778
doi:10.1111/aec.12142 ...

Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Scheiter, Simon; Bond, William J.; Higgins, Steven I.
Increasing atmospheric CO₂overrides the historical legacy of multiple stable biome states in Af ...
in New Phytologist volume 201 (2014) issue 3. - page 908-915
doi:10.1111/nph.12551 ...

Svenning, Jens-Christian; Gravel, Dominique; Holt, Robert D.; Schurr, Frank M.; Thuiller, Wilfried; Münkemüller, Tamara; Schiffers, Katja H.; Dullinger, Stefan; Edwards, Thomas C.; Hickler, Thomas; Higgins, Steven I.; Nabel, Julia E. M. S.; Pagel, Jörn; Normand, Signe
The influence of interspecific interactions on species range expansion rates
in Ecography volume 37 (2014) issue 12. - page 1198-1209
doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2013.00574.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Richardson, David M.
Invasive plants have broader physiological niches
in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America volume 111 (2014) issue 29. - page 10610-10614
doi:10.1073/pnas.1406075111 ...

Buendia Grigoriu, Corina; Arens, S.; Hickler, Thomas; Higgins, Steven I.; Porada, P.; Kleidon, A.
On the potential vegetation feedbacks that enhance phosphorus availability – insights from a pr ...
in Biogeosciences volume 11 (2014) . - page 3661-3683
doi:10.5194/bg-11-3661-2014 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Langan, Liam; Scheiter, Simon
Progress in DGVMs : a comment on "Impacts of trait variation through observed trait–climate rel ...
in Biogeosciences volume 11 (2014) issue 16. - page 4357-4360
doi:10.5194/bg-11-4357-2014 ...

Lehmann, Caroline E. R.; Anderson, T. Michael; Sankaran, Mahesh; Higgins, Steven I.; Archibald, Sally; Hoffmann, William A.; Hanan, Niall P.; Williams, Richard J.; Fensham, Roderick J.; Felfili, Jeanine; Hutley, Lindsay B.; Ratnam, Jayashree; San Jose, Jose; Montes, Ruben; Franklin, Don; Russell-Smith, Jeremy; Ryan, Casey M.; Durigan, Giselda; Hiernaux, Pierre; Haidar, Ricardo; Bowman, David M. J. S.; Bond, William J.
Savanna Vegetation-Fire-Climate Relationships Differ Among Continents
in Science volume 343 (2014) issue 6170. - page 548-552
doi:10.1126/science.1247355 ...

Buitenwerf, Robert; Kulmatiski, Andrew; Higgins, Steven
Soil water retention curves for the major soil types of the Kruger National Park
in Koedoe volume 56 (2014) issue 1
doi:10.4102/koedoe.v56i1.1228 ...

Snell, Rebecca S.; Huth, Andreas; Nabel, J. E. M. S.; Bocedi, Greta; Travis, Justin; Gravel, Dominique; Bugmann, Harald; Gutiérrez, Alvaro G.; Hickler, Thomas; Higgins, Steven I.; Reineking, Björn; Scherstjanoi, Marc; Zurbriggen, Natalie; Lischke, Heike
Using dynamic vegetation models to simulate plant range shifts
in Ecography volume 37 (2014) issue 12. - page 1184-1197
doi:10.1111/ecog.00580 ...

2013

Börner, Jan; Higgins, Steven I.; Scheiter, Simon; Kantelhardt, Jochen
Approximating Optimal Numerical Solutions to Bio-economic Systems : How Useful is Simulation-op ...
in Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture volume 52 (2013) issue 3. - page 179-198
doi:10.22004/ag.econ.173645 ...

Pachzelt, Adrian; Rammig, Anja; Higgins, Steven; Hickler, Thomas
Coupling a physiological grazer population model with a generalized model for vegetation dynami ...
in Ecological Modelling volume 263 (2013) . - page 92-102
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.04.025 ...

Sarmento Cabral, Juliano; Jeltsch, Florian; Thuiller, Wilfried; Higgins, Steven I.; Midgley, Guy F.; Rebelo, Anthony G.; Rouget, Mathieu; Schurr, Frank M.
Impacts of past habitat loss and future climate change on the range dynamics of South African P ...
in Diversity and Distributions volume 19 (2013) issue 4. - page 363-376
doi:10.1111/ddi.12011 ...

February, Edmund C.; Higgins, Steven I.; Bond, William J.; Swemmer, Louise
Influence of competition and rainfall manipulation on the growth responses of savanna trees and ...
in Ecology volume 94 (2013) issue 5. - page 1155-1164
doi:10.1890/12-0540.1 ...

Scheiter, Simon; Higgins, Steven I.
Intermediate Coupling between Aboveground and Belowground Biomass Maximises the Persistence of ...
in PLoS One volume 8 (2013) issue 4
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061149 ...

Scheiter, Simon; Langan, Liam; Higgins, Steven I.
Next-generation dynamic global vegetation models : learning from community ecology
in New Phytologist volume 198 (2013) issue 3. - page 957-969
doi:10.1111/nph.12210 ...

2012

Higgins, Steven I.; Scheiter, Simon
Atmospheric CO₂ forces abrupt vegetation shifts locally, but not globally
in Nature volume 488 (2012) issue 7410. - page 209-212
doi:10.1038/nature11238 ...

Hartig, Florian; Dyke, James; Hickler, Thomas; Higgins, Steven I.; O'Hara, Robert B.; Scheiter, Simon; Huth, Andreas
Connecting dynamic vegetation models to data : an inverse perspective
in Journal of Biogeography volume 39 (2012) issue 12. - page 2240-2252
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02745.x ...

2012

The ecological niche as a window to biodiversity
publ: Higgins, Steven I.; Römermann, Christine; O'Hara, Robert B.
Journal of Biogeography
2012
doi:10.1111/jbi.12039 ...

Scheiter, Simon; Higgins, Steven I.; Osborne, Colin P.; Bradshaw, Catherine; Lunt, Dan; Ripley, Brad S.; Taylor, Lyla L.; Beerling, David J.
Fire and fire-adapted vegetation promoted C₄ expansion in the late Miocene
in New Phytologist volume 195 (2012) issue 3. - page 653-666
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04202.x ...

Scheiter, Simon; Higgins, Steven I.
How many elephants can you fit into a conservation area
in Conservation Letters volume 5 (2012) issue 3. - page 176-185
doi:10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00225.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; O'Hara, Robert B.; Römermann, Christine
A niche for biology in species distribution models
in Journal of Biogeography volume 39 (2012) issue 12. - page 2091-2095
doi:10.1111/jbi.12029 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; O'Hara, Robert B.; Bykova, Olga; Cramer, Michael; Chuine, Isabelle; Gerstner, Eva-Maria; Hickler, Thomas; Morin, Xavier; Kearney, Michael R.; Midgley, Guy F.; Scheiter, Simon
A physiological analogy of the niche for projecting the potential distribution of plants
in Journal of Biogeography volume 39 (2012) issue 12. - page 2132-2145
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02752.x ...

Bykova, Olga; Chuine, Isabelle; Morin, Xavier; Higgins, Steven I.; Linder, Peter
Temperature dependence of the reproduction niche and its relevance for plant species distributi ...
in Journal of Biogeography volume 39 (2012) issue 12. - page 2191-2200
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02764.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Bond, William J.; Combrink, Hendrik J.; Craine, Joseph M.; February, Edmund C.; Govender, Navashni; Lannas, Kathryn; Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Trollope, Winston S. W.
Which traits determine shifts in the abundance of tree species in a fire-prone savanna?
in Journal of Ecology volume 100 (2012) issue 6. - page 1400-1410
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2012.02026.x ...

2011

Higgins, Steven I.; Delgado-Cartay, Maria D.; February, Edmund C.; Combrink, Hendrik J.
Is there a temporal niche separation in the leaf phenology of savanna trees and grasses?
in Journal of Biogeography volume 38 (2011) issue 11. - page 2165-2175
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02549.x ...

Hill, Michael J.; Hanan, Niall P.; Hoffmann, William; Scholes, Robert J.; Prince, Sam; Ferwerda, J.; Lucas, Robyn M.; Baker, I.; Arneth, Almut; Higgins, Steven I.; Barrett, D. J.; Disney, M.; Hutley, L.
Remote sensing and modeling of savannas : The state of the dis-union
34th International Symposium for Remote Sensing of the Environment
Sydney , 2011
https://www.isprs.org/proceedings/2011/ISRSE-34/21 ...

Moncrieff, Glenn R.; Chamaillé-Jammes, Simon; Higgins, Steven I.; O'Hara, Robert B.; Bond, William J.
Tree allometries reflect a lifetime of herbivory in an African savanna
in Ecology volume 92 (2011) issue 12. - page 2310-2315
doi:10.1890/11-0230.1 ...

Kattge, J.; Diaz, S.; Lavorel, S.; Prentice, I. C.; Leadly, P.; Bönisch, G.; Garnier, E.; Westoby, Mark; Reich, P. B.; Wright, Ian J.; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Violle, C.; Harrison, S. P.; van Bodegom, P. M.; Reichstein, M.; Enquist, B. J.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Ackerly, D. D.; Anand, M.; Atkin, O.; Bahn, Michael; Baker, T. R.; Baldocchi, D.; Bekker, R.; Blanco, C. C.; Blonder, B.; Bond, W. J.; Bradstock, R.; Bunker, D. E.; Casanoves, F.; Cavender-Bares, J.; Chambers, J. Q.; Chapin III, F. S.; Chave, Jérôme; Coomes, David; Cornwell, W. K.; Craine, Joseph M.; Dobrin, B. H.; Duarte, L.; Durka, W.; Elser, J.; Esser, G.; Estiarte, M.; Fagan, W. F.; Fang, J.; Fernández-Méndez, F.; Fidelis, A.; Finegan, B.; Flores, O.; Ford, H.; Frank, D.; Freschet, G. T.; Fyllas, N. M.; Gallagher, R. V.; Green, W. A.; Gutiérrez, Alvaro G.; Hickler, T.; Higgins, Steven I.; Hodgson, J. G.; Jalili, A.; Jansen, Steven; Joly, C. A.; Kerkhoff, A. J.; Kirkup, D.; Kitajima, K.; Kleyer, M.; Klotz, S.; Knops, J. M. H.; Kramer, K.; Kühn, I.; Kurokawa, H.; Laughlin, D.; Lee, T. D.; Leishman, M.; Lens, F.; Lenz, T.; Lewis, S. L.; Lloyd, J.; Llusià, J.; Louault, F.; Ma, S.; Mahecha, M. D.; Manning, P.; Massad, T.; Medlyn, B. E.; Messier, J.; Moles, A. T.; Müller, S. C.; Nadrowski, K.; Naeem, S.; Niinemets, Ü.; Nöllert, S.; Nüske, A.; Ogaya, R.; Olegsyn, J.; Onipchenko, Vladimir; Onoda, Y.; Ordonez, J.; Overbeck, G.; Ozinga, Wim A.; Patino, S.; Paula, S.; Pausas, J. G.; Penuelas, J.; Phillips, O. L.; Pillar, V.; Poorter, H.; Poorter, L.; Poschlod, P.; Prinzing, A.; Proulx, R.; Rammig, A.; Reinsch, S.; Reu, B.; Sack, L.; Salgado-Negret, B.; Sardans, Jordi; Shiodera, S.; Shiphley, B.; Siefert, A.; Sosinski, E.; Soussana, J. F.; Swaine, E.; Swenson, N.; Thompson, K.; Thornton, P.; Waldram, M.; Weiher, Evan; White, M.; White, S.; Wright, S. J.; Yguel, B.; Zaehle, Sönke; Zanne, Amy E.; Wirth, C.
TRY : a global database of plant traits
in Global Change Biology volume 17 (2011) issue 9. - page 2905-2935
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02451.x ...

van Langevelde, Frank; Tomlinson, Kyle; Barbosa, Eduardo R. M.; de Bie, Steven; Prins, Herbert H. T.; Higgins, Steven I.
Understanding Tree-Grass Coexistence and Impacts of Disturbance and Resource Variability in Sav ...
Ecosystem Function in Savannas : Measurement and Modeling at Landscape to Global Scales
Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2011. - page 257-268

Verweij, Richard J.T.; Higgins, Steven; Bond, William J.; February, Edmund C.
Water sourcing by trees in a mesic savanna : Responses to severing deep and shallow roots
in Environmental and Experimental Botany volume 74 (2011) . - page 229-236
doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.06.004 ...

Ratnam, Jayashree; Bond, William J.; Fensham, Rod J.; Hoffmann, William A.; Archibald, Sally; Lehmann, Caroline E. R.; Anderson, Michael T.; Higgins, Steven I.; Sankaran, Mahesh
When is a ‘forest’ a savanna, and why does it matter?
in Global Ecology and Biogeography volume 20 (2011) issue 5. - page 653-660
doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00634.x ...

2010

February, Edmund C.; Higgins, Steven I.
The distribution of tree and grass roots in savannas in relation to soil nitrogen and water
in South African Journal of Botany volume 76 (2010) issue 3. - page 517-523
doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2010.04.001 ...

Zimmermann, Julia; Higgins, Steven I.; Grimm, Volker; Hoffmann, John; Linstädter, Anja
Grass mortality in semi-arid savanna : The role of fire, competition and self-shading
in Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics volume 12 (2010) issue 1. - page 1-8
doi:10.1016/j.ppees.2009.09.003 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Scheiter, Simon; Sankaran, Mahesh
The stability of African savannas : insights from the indirect estimation of the parameters of ...
in Ecology volume 91 (2010) issue 6. - page 1682-1692
doi:10.1890/08-1368.1 ...

2009

Scheiter, Simon; Higgins, Steven I.
Impacts of climate change on the vegetation of Africa : an adaptive dynamic vegetation modellin ...
in Global Change Biology volume 15 (2009) issue 9. - page 2224-2246
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01838.x ...

2008

Higgins, Steven I.; Flores, Olivier; Schurr, Frank M.
Costs of persistence and the spread of competing seeders and sprouters
in Journal of Ecology volume 96 (2008) issue 4. - page 679-686
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01391.x ...

Higgins, Steven; Bond, William J.; Trollope, Winston S. W.; Williams, Richard J.
Physically motivated empirical models for the spread and intensity of grass fires
in International Journal of Wildland Fire volume 17 (2008) issue 5. - page 595-601
doi:10.1071/WF06037 ...

Zimmermann, Julia; Higgins, Steven I.; Grimm, Volker; Hoffmann, John; Münkemüller, Tamara; Linstädter, Anja
Recruitment filters in a perennial grassland : the interactive roles of fire, competitors, mois ...
in Journal of Ecology volume 96 (2008) issue 5. - page 1033-1044
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01409.x ...

2007

Schurr, Frank M.; Midgley, Guy F.; Rebelo, Anthony G.; Reeves, Gail; Poschlod, Peter; Higgins, Steven I.
Colonization and persistence ability explain the extent to which plant species fill their poten ...
in Global Ecology and Biogeography volume 16 (2007) issue 4. - page 449-459
doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00293.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Bond, William J.; February, Edmund C.; Bronn, Andries; Euston-Brown, Douglas I. W.; Enslin, Beukes; Govender, Navashni; Rademan, Louise; O'Regan, Sean; Potgieter, Andre L. F.; Scheiter, Simon; Sowry, Richard; Trollope, Lynn; Trollope, Winston S. W.
Effects of four decades of fire Manipulation on woody vegetation structure in savanna
in Ecology volume 88 (2007) issue 5. - page 1119-1125
doi:10.1890/06-1664 ...

Scheiter, Simon; Higgins, Steven I.
Partitioning of Root and Shoot Competition and the Stability of Savannas
in The American Naturalist volume 170 (2007) issue 4. - page 587-601
doi:10.1086/521317 ...

Midgley, Guy F.; Thuiller, Wilfried; Higgins, Steven I.
Plant Species Migration as a Key Uncertainty in Predicting Future Impacts of Climate Change on ...
Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World
Berlin : Springer, 2007. - page 129-137
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-32730-1_11 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Kantelhardt, Jochen; Scheiter, Simon; Boerner, Jan
Sustainable management of extensively managed savanna rangelands
in Ecological Economics volume 62 (2007) issue 1. - page 102-114
doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.05.019 ...

February, Edmund C.; Higgins, Steven I.; Newton, Rosemary; West, Adam G.
Tree distribution on a steep environmental gradient in an arid savanna
in Journal of Biogeography volume 34 (2007) issue 2. - page 270-278
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01583.x ...

Börner, Jan; Higgins, Steven I.; Kantelhardt, Jochen; Scheiter, Simon
Rainfall or price variability: what determines rangeland management decisions? A simulation-opt ...
in Agricultural Economics volume 37 (2007) issue 2-3. - page 189-200
doi:10.1111/j.1574-0862.2007.00265.x ...

2005

Sankaran, Mahesh; Hanan, Niall P.; Scholes, Robert J.; Ratnam, Jayashree; Augustine, David J.; Cade, Brian S.; Gignoux, Jacques; Higgins, Steven I.; Le Roux, Xavier; Ludwig, Fulco; Ardo, Jonas; Banyikwa, Feetham; Bronn, Andries; Bucini, Gabriela; Caylor, Kelly K.; Coughenour, Michael B.; Diouf, Alioune; Ekaya, Wellington; Feral, Christie J.; February, Edmund C.; Frost, Peter G. H.; Hiernaux, Pierre; Hrabar, Halszka; Metzger, Kristine L.; Prins, Herbert H. T.; Ringrose, Susan; Sea, William; Tews, Jörg; Worden, Jeff; Zambatis, Nick
Determinants of woody cover in African savannas
in Nature volume 438 (2005) issue 7069. - page 846-849
doi:10.1038/nature04070 ...

Rejmánek, Marcel; Richardson, David M.; Higgins, Steven; Pitcairn, Michael J.; Grotkopp, Eva
Ecology of invasive plants : state of the art
Invasive alien species : a new synthesis
Washington, DC : Island Press, 2005. - page 104-161 . - (SCOPE; 63)

Schurr, Frank M.; Bond, William J.; Midgley, Guy F.; Higgins, Steven
A mechanistic model for secondary seed dispersal by wind and its experimental validation
in Journal of Ecology volume 93 (2005) issue 5. - page 1017-1028
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01018.x ...

2003

Higgins, Steven I.; Nathan, R.; Cain, Michael L.
Are long-distance Dispersal Events in Plants ususally caused by Nonstandard Means of Dispersal?
in Ecology volume 84 (2003) issue 8. - page 1945-1956
doi:10.1890/01-0616 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Lavorel, Sandra; Revilla, Eloy
Estimating plant migration rates under habitat loss and fragmentation
in Oikos volume 101 (2003) issue 2. - page 354-366
doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12141.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Clark, James S.; Nathan, Ran; Hovestadt, Thomas; Schurr, Frank M.; Fragoso, José M. V.; Aguiar, Martin R.; Ribbens, Eric; Lavorel, Sandra
Forecasting plant migration rates : managing uncertainty for risk assessment
in Journal of Ecology volume 91 (2003) issue 3. - page 341-347
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2003.00781.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Lavorel, Sandra; Tackenberg, Oliver
Plant dispersal and habitat loss synergies
Climate change and biodiversity : synergistic impacts
Washington, DC : Conservation International, 2003. - page 71-76 . - (Advances in Applied Biodiversity Science; 4)

Robertson, M. P.; Henderson, Lesley; Higgins, Steven I.; Fairbanks, Dean H. K.; Zimmermann, H. G.; le Maitre, David C.; Shackleton, Charlie M.; Villet, Martin H.; Hoffmann, John H.; Palmer, Anthony R.; Riggs, Ivan
A proposed prioritization system for the management of invasive alien plants in South Africa : ...
in South African Journal of Science volume 99 (2003) issue 1. - page 37-43

2002

Beukes, Pierre C.; Cowling, Richard M.; Higgins, Steven
An ecological economic simulation model of a non-selective grazing system in the Nama Karoo, So ...
in Ecological Economics volume 42 (2002) issue 1/2. - page 221-242
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00055-1 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Cain, Michael L.
Spatially realistic plant metapopulation models and the colonization-competition trade-off
in Journal of Ecology volume 90 (2002) issue 4. - page 616-626
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2002.00694.x ...

2001

Higgins, Steven I.; Bond, William J.; Pickett, Steward T.A.
Environmental stochasticity cannot save declining populations
in Trends in Ecology & Evolution volume 16 (2001) issue 4. - page 177
doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(01)02112-7 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Richardson, David M.; Cowling, Richard M.
Validation of a spatial simulation model of a spreading alien plant population
in Journal of Applied Ecology volume 38 (2001) issue 3. - page 571-584
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2001.00616.x ...

2000

Higgins, Steven I.; Bond, William J.; Trollope, Winston S. W.
Fire, resprouting and variability : a recipe for grass-tree coexistence in savanna
in Journal of Ecology volume 88 (2000) issue 2. - page 213-229
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2745.2000.00435.x ...

Richardson, David M.; Bond, William J.; Dean, W. Richard J.; Higgins, Steven; Midgley, Guy F.; Milton, Suzanne J.; Powrie, Leslie W.; Rutherford, Michael C.; Samways, Michael J.; Schulze, Roland E.
Invasive Alien Species and Global Change : A South African Perspective
Invasive Species in a Changing World
Washington, DC : Island Press, 2000. - page 303-350

Richardson, David M.; Higgins, Steven I.
Pines as invaders in the southern hemisphere
Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus
Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000. - page 450-473

Higgins, Steven I.; Pickett, Steward T .A.; Bond, William J.
Predicting extinction risks for plants : environmental stochasticity can save declining populat ...
in Trends in Ecology & Evolution volume 15 (2000) issue 12. - page 516-520
doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01993-5 ...

Gambiza, James; Bond, William J.; Frost, Peter G. H.; Higgins, Steven
Special Section: Land use options in dry tropical woodland ecosystems in Zimbabwe : A simulatio ...
in Ecological Economics volume 33 (2000) issue 3. - page 353-368
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00145-2 ...

1999

Higgins, Steven I.; Shackleton, Charlie M.; Robinson, E. Robbie
Changes in woody community structure and composition under constrasting landuse systems in a se ...
in Journal of Biogeography volume 26 (1999) issue 3. - page 619-627
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.1999.t01-1-00317.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Richardson, David M.
Predicting Plant Migration Rates in a Changing World : The Role of Long‐Distance Dispersal
in The American Naturalist volume 153 (1999) issue 5. - page 464-475
doi:10.1086/303193 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Richardson, David M.; Cowling, Richard M.; Trinder-Smith, Terry H.
Predicting the Landscape-Scale Distribution of Alien Plants and Their Threat to Plant Diversity
in Conservation Biology volume 13 (1999) issue 2. - page 303-313
doi:10.1046/j.1523-1739.1999.013002303.x ...

1998

Higgins, Steven I.; Richardson, David M.
Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere : modelling interactions between organism, environmen ...
in Plant Ecology volume 135 (1998) issue 1. - page 79-93
doi:10.1023/A:1009760512895 ...

1997

Higgins, Steven I.; Rogers, Kevin H.; Kemper, Jessica
A description of the functional vegetation pattern of a semi-arid floodplain, South Africa
in Plant Ecology volume 129 (1997) issue 1. - page 95-101
doi:10.1023/A:1009763931832 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Azorin, Esteban J.; Cowling, Richard M.; Morris, Mike J.
A dynamic ecological-economic model as a tool for conflict resolution in an invasive-alien-plan ...
in Ecological Economics volume 22 (1997) issue 2. - page 141-154
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00574-0 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Turpie, Jane K.; Costanza, Robert; Cowling, Richard M.; le Maitre, Dave C.; Marais, Christo; Midgley, Guy F.
An ecological economic simulation model of mountain fynbos ecosystems : Dynamics, valuation and ...
in Ecological Economics volume 22 (1997) issue 2. - page 155-169
doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00575-2 ...

Cowling, Richard M.; Constanza, Robert; Higgins, Steven I.
Services supplied by South African fynbos ecosystems
Nature's Services : Societal Dependence On Natural Ecosystems
Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 1997. - page 345-362

1996

Richardson, David M.; van Wilgen, Brian W.; Higgins, Steven I.; Trinder-Smith, Terry H.; Cowling, Richard M.; McKell, D. H.
Current and future threats to plant biodiversity on the Cape Peninsula, South Africa
in Biodiversity and Conservation volume 5 (1996) issue 5. - page 607-647
doi:10.1007/BF00137612 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Richardson, David M.; Cowling, Richard M.
Modeling Invasive Plant Spread : The Role of Plant-Environment Interactions and Model Structure
in Ecology volume 77 (1996) issue 7. - page 2043-2054
doi:10.2307/2265699 ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Coetzee, M. A. S.; Marneweck, G. C.; Rogers, K. H.
The Nyl River floodplain, South Africa, as a functional unit of the landscape : A review of cur ...
in African Journal of Ecology volume 34 (1996) issue 2. - page 131-145
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.1996.019-89019.x ...

Higgins, Steven I.; Richardson, David M.
A review of models of alien plant spread
in Ecological Modelling volume 87 (1996) issue 1/3. - page 249-265
doi:10.1016/0304-3800(95)00022-4 ...

Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins

Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Chair of Plant Ecology


Prof. Dr. Steven Higgins
Professor

Room: NW I - 7.0 01 34

Phone: +49-921-55-2800
E-mail: steven.higgins@uni-bayreuth.de
Google Scholar: Steven I Higgins

Webmaster: Lehrstuhl Pflanzenökologie

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